- World Cancer Day 2018 highlights the global equity gap in accessing early detection, treatment and care services.
- UICC calls for more equal access to reduce premature cancer and non-communicable disease deaths by 25% by 2025 in line with WHO targets.
- Consolidated country-by-country statistics on cancer incidences and mortalities, national cancer control plans and registries and access to radiotherapy based on latest GLOBOCAN and WHO data.
On Sunday 4 February, World Cancer Day raises awareness of the millions of people world-wide facing unequal access to cancer detection, treatment, and care services. With cancer leaders, health professionals and supporters across the world pushing for urgent action to reduce the rate of premature cancer deaths globally, the day calls for diagnostic and treatment access to be prioritised.
The global target of a 25% reduction in premature deaths from cancer and non-communicable diseases* (NCDs) by 2025 is possible. However, to deliver on this global commitment†, the current inequities in risk factor exposure, and in access to screening, early detection and timely and appropriate treatment and care, must be addressed.
Professor Sanchia Aranda, President of UICC and CEO of Cancer Council Australia:
“Set in 2011, the World Health Organization’s target to cut premature NCD deaths by 25% within 14 years is coming towards its half way mark. We can meet the target, but more action than ever will be required. Inequality in access to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care makes reducing premature deaths from cancer difficult. If we are committed to achieving this goal, we must act quickly and decisively to make access to cancer services more equal all around the world.”
Dr. Josep Tabernero, Director, Vall d´Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO), and President, the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO):
“We collectively need to take a hard look at current policies and priority setting on region-per-region basis. Without this essential overhaul, the tremendous advances made to-date in early detection, cancer treatment and care, as well as solid prevention strategies, cannot possibly hope to benefit an increasing number of our patients, across borders, now and in the future.”
World Cancer Day, led by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), every year rallies the world’s voices against what the World Health Organization (WHO) recently recognised for the first time as the leading cause of global morbidity.
Today, there are an estimated 8.8 million deaths from cancer every year. However, it is the low- to middle-income countries who are bearing the brunt, as approximately 70% of deaths occur in developing countries, which are the most ill-equipped to cope with the cancer burden. The starkest area of inequity relates to childhood cancers – a specific group that the WHO underscored in its landmark 2017 Cancer Resolution – with survival rates over 80% in high income countries and as low as 20% in low income countries.
Inequities are also acutely experienced in high- to middle-income countries, particularly within certain populations, including the indigenous, immigrant, refugee, rural, and lower-socioeconomic populations.
Professor Sanchia Aranda:
“In the last year of the ‘We can. I can.’ campaign for World Cancer Day, we hope to inspire real action from governments and civil society in addressing the inequities in cancer diagnosis, treatment and care, which unfortunately largely affects the most vulnerable populations in every country. In Australia, while we maintain some of the best cancer outcomes in the world, national data shows that the gap between those in the highest and lowest socioeconomic groups is continuing to widen over time. These overlooked voices must be more forcefully represented in our discussions this World Cancer Day.”
An acute example of a global access gap particularly affecting the underserved and underprivileged is access to radiotherapy. As one of the major methods of treatment for cancer‡, radiotherapy is recommended for 52% of cancer patients. Glaringly, the gap between need and availability is highest in low- to middle-income countries; 90% of low- to middle-income country cancer patients lack access to radiotherapy. Yet, issues of access to this critical treatment also cuts across many countries. In mainland China, there exists a gross shortage of radiotherapy facilities, with access varying widely from province to province. Depending on where you live in England§, patients can face significant variation – anywhere from 20% to 70% – in accessing Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy, an advanced form of radiotherapy treatment.
As an urgent response to the global equity gap and the critical need for an in-country response, UICC today officially launched, Treatment for All. It marks the second new initiative by UICC in as many years to mobilise national action to improve access to diagnosis and treatment for cancer, and is a direct acknowledgement that the cancer burden cannot be alleviated exclusively through prevention to reduce cancer incidence.
Dr Cary Adams, Chief Executive Officer of UICC:
“The tsunami of cancer cases anticipated in the coming decades requires a persuasive and robust response at all levels – global and national. Treatment for All, in tandem with its sister initiative, C/Can 2025: City Cancer Challenge, will work to accelerate progress by translating global commitments to evidence-, safety- and quality-based national actions.”
By empowering individuals, cities, countries and governments to lever Treatment for All’s four pillars of cancer treatment and care, we can achieve:
- Improved quality of cancer data for public health use
- Increased number of people with access to early detection and accurate cancer diagnosis
- Greater timely and quality treatment for early and metastatic disease
- At a minimum, basic supportive and palliative care service for the current 32.6 million people living with cancer.
Today, on World Cancer Day, ‘We can. I can.’ improve access and deliver on the global target of a 25% reduction in cancer and NCD premature deaths by 2025.
*Non-communicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes.
†The global community has committed to reduce premature deaths from cancer and NCDs by 25% by 2025 as set out in the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases
‡The major modalities of treatment for cancer includes radiotherapy, surgery and medicines including chemotherapy
The wide disparity in cancer services and patient outcomes depending on where you live is often called the Postcode Lottery
About World Cancer Day 2018
World Cancer Day takes place every year on 4 February and is the single initiative under which the world can unite to raise the profile of cancer in a positive and inspiring way. Spearheaded by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), World Cancer Day takes place for the last year under the tagline ‘We can. I can.’, which explores how everyone – as a collective or as individuals – can do their part to reduce the global burden of cancer. Just as cancer affects everyone in different ways, everyone has the power to take action to reduce the impact that cancer has. World Cancer Day is a chance to reflect on what you can do, make a pledge and take action.
For more information, please visit: www.worldcancerday.org
About World Cancer Day activities and grassroots events
Local and international associations around the world are coming together to hold events dedicated to raising awareness and education about cancer, including the Chain for Change in Canada and the One Step at a Time Cancer Warrior Walk in South Africa. For more information about specific events, please visit: www.worldcancerday.org/map
About the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO)
Founded in 2006, the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology (VHIO) has established itself as a comprehensive cancer centre of excellence. It is thanks to its optimal organisational structure based on a purely multidisciplinary and translational model that VHIO talents continue to anticipate and tackle the many unresolved questions in solving cancer sooner.
Located within the Vall d’Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus, our researchers closely collaborate and interact with Vall d’Hebron physician-scientists. Translational science and clinical research are therefore tightly connected which promotes interaction and teamwork which, in turn, accelerates the bench-bedside-bed cycle of knowledge. This privileged environment affords VHIO direct access to patients as well as the entire spectrum of oncology professionals who care for them, and a second-to-none appreciation of how cancer science can translate into more powerful, targeted treatments and better practice for the care of patients.
VHIO’s pioneering model and programmes, coupled with its belief in combining strengths through cross-border collaborations, continue to spur advances in reversing cancer resistance, halting metastatic spread, and more effectively treating even the most undruggable tumour types.
For more information, please visit: http://www.vhio.net
About the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)
UICC is the largest international cancer-fighting organisation, with over 1,000 member organisations across 160 countries representing the world’s major cancer societies, ministries of health, research institutes, treatment centres and patient groups. The organisation is dedicated to taking the lead in convening, capacity building and advocacy initiatives that unite the cancer community to reduce the global cancer burden, promote greater equity, and integrate cancer control into the world health and development agenda.
UICC and its multi-sectorial partners are committed to encouraging governments to look towards the implementation and scale-up of quality and sustainable programmes that address the global burden of cancer and other NCDs. UICC is also a founding member of the NCD Alliance, a global civil society network that now represents almost 2,000 organisations in 170 countries.
For more information, please visit: www.uicc.org
About Treatment for All
Over the last seven years, the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) has united the cancer
community to position cancer on the global health and development agenda, with the inclusion of cancer and non-communicable diseases in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015 and culminating in the successful adoption of a cancer resolution at the World Health Assembly in 2017.
‘Treatment for All’ is the name of a new, bold and inspiring advocacy initiative run by UICC. It calls on the
international cancer community to address the global equity gap in access to cancer services by getting
behind four essential pillars of cancer treatment and care:
- Improving the quality of cancer data for public health use
- Increasing the number of people with access to early detection and accurate cancer diagnosis
- Providing timely and quality treatment for early and metastatic disease for all
- Providing a basic supportive and palliative care service for all.
For more information, please visit: www.uicc.org/TreatmentforAll
Consolidated data tables:
- Cancer incidences and mortalities by country (GLOBOCAN, 2012)
- Countries with national cancer control plans and cancer registries (World Health Organization, 2014)
- Number of radiotherapy machines and machines per one million population by country (IAEA, 2017)
To access the data tables, please visit: http://www.worldcancerday.org/exclusive-content-uicc-members
 World Health Organization (2017) Seventieth World Health Assembly, Agenda item 15.6: Cancer prevention and control in the context of an integrated approach [Accessed:21.12.17] http://apps.who.int/gb/ebwha/pdf_files/WHA70/A70_R12-en.pdf
 World Health Organization (2017) Cancer Fact Sheet. [Accessed:20.12.17] http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/
 World Health Organization (2017) Cancer Fact Sheet. [Accessed:20.12.17] http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/
 Childhood Cancer International, 8 Reasons why Childhood Cancer should be a global child health priority [Accessed:10.01.2018] http://childhoodcancerinternational.org/8-reasons-why-childhood-cancer-should-be-a-global-child-health-priority/
 Barton, Frommer & Shafiq (2006) Role of radiotherapy in cancer control in low-income and middle-income countries, Lancet Oncology 7(7): 584-595 [Accessed 24.04.2017] http://thelancet.com/pdfs/journals/lanonc/PIIS1470-2045(06)70759-8.pdf
 Staffurth, Ellison, Ball & Hanna (2015) Patterns of IMRT delivery in England [Accessed 3.01.2018] https://www.google.ch/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiL4dri_rvYAhWIIuwKHXZbAxAQFgg5MAI&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.natcansat.nhs.uk%2Fdlhandler.ashx%3Fd%3Dpubs%26f%3DNCRI_IMRT%25202015%2520v1.4.pdf&usg=AOvVaw3n79oHHaBi1fiN2vywn_3E
 GLOBOCAN 2012 (International Agency for Research on Cancer), Estimated Cancer Incidence, Mortality and Prevalence in Nigeria in 2012 [Accessed: 20.12.17] http://globocan.iarc.fr/Pages/fact_sheets_cancer.aspx